DEEP SKY OBSERVING
September 2008
by Mark Wagner

Targets are rated 1 to 4 for challenge, with 1 very easy, 4 most difficult. Targets are in a one hour window of R.A., and arranged north to south, for easy star hopping. Available as a Megastar .obs file or Excel spreadsheet.
Rating
 Object  Const.  Type
Size 
Mag 
R.A.
Dec.
4
Abell 81 Cep PN
32.0"
14.8P
22 42 25
80 26 28
IC 1454, 18" - with OIII round disc, ~35" diameter with a crisp edge to the rim.

3
N7354 Cep PN
36.0"
12.9P
22 40 20
61 17 06
12.5" - medium size, pretty bright, medium surface brightness; round, uniform; filter doesn’t seem to help much.

3
N7419 Cep OC
6.0'
13.0
22 54 19
60 48 47
18" - this is a small group of 25-30 stars down to mag 15, elongated 3'x1' NW-SE.

1
NGC 7510 Cep OC
4.0'
7.9
23 11 04
60 34 08
18" - a very pretty triangular wedge of stars in a 5x2' group.

1
NGC 7380 Cep OC
12.0'
7.2
22 47 00
58 06 00
17.5" - OIII and UHC filter, a bright triangular-shaped nebulosity (Sh2-142), 8'-10' diameter, is superimposed on a rich grouping of stars (N7380) within a rich milky way field. Involved in Sh2-142.

1
Kr 60 Cep Dbl
3.5
9.8/11.3
22 28 06
57 42 00
NSV 14168 A famous binary only 12.9 light years away, comprised of two red dwarfs. Observers had reported seeing flare-ups on the surface of the companion, which is orbiting the primary every 44.6 years.

4
B369 Cep DN
5.0'
3
22 15 53
56 01 24
Next to Sh2-132. Round; dusky; diam. 5'; about 13' NE of BD +55 2709 (magnitude 7.8).

4
Abell 79 Lac PN
120"x90"
15.8P
22 26 17
54 49 40
PK 102-2.1 - 17.5" - 118x with OIII filter; very faint, small, round, just visible with direct vision.

4
Abell 80 Lac PN
2.7'x2.0'
15.2P
22 34 46
52 26 12
PK 102-5.1 - 22” f/4.1 (203 and 293x) – Only the east end of the annular nebula is visible with OIII and averted vision.

2
NGC 7296 Lac OC
4.0'
9.7
22 27 57
52 18 56
17.5" - compact group of roughly 30 stars in a 3'x2' area elongated N-S.

4
U12064a/b/c Lac GX
0.7'x0.6'
14.5B
22 31.3
39 24 00
17.5" - fairly faint, fairly small, slightly elongated N-S. A faint star (mag ~14.5) is close west [37" from center]. Forms the eastern vertex of a triangle with two mag 13 stars ~ 2' NW and 2' WSW. An extremely faint companion off the N side.

4
N7445/46/49 And GX
0.7'x0.2'
15.6
22 59.7
39 06 00
17.5" - very faint, extremely small, round. A mag 12 star is 1.5' ESE of center.Member of the U12298 group with N7449 3.7' NE and N7446 2.0' SE.

1
Struve 2894 Lac Dbl
15.6
6.1/8.3
22 18 54
37 46 00
SAO 72228. Nice blue/white pair.

4
N7263/4/5 Lac GX
0.7'x0.4'
15.5P
22 22.4
36 12 00
17.5" - faint, very small, round. A mag 15 star is at the NE end. In a group with N7264 6.1' ENE and N7265 12.0' SE.

3
N7273/4/6 Lac GX
0.9'x0.5'
14.7
22 24.2
36 06 00
17.5" - faint, small, slightly elongated, small bright core. This is the northern galaxy of three on a line with N7274 4.5' S and N7276 6.8' SSE.

1
NGC 7331 Peg GX
14.5'x3.7'
9.4V
22 37 04
34 25 00
13.1" - very bright, very elongated 3:1 NNW-SSE, 9'x2.5', very bright elongated core, substellar nucleus. The west side has a sharper edge due to dust.

3
Arp 319 Peg GX
2.3'x2.1'
13.2B
22 36 03
33 58 33
17.5" - fourth brightest of five in Stephan's quintet. Fairly faint, small, round, brighter core, easy with direct vision. A mag 13 star is at the NW edge just 16" from the center which confuses the observation. The interacting pair N7318A and N7318B is 1.6' NE and N7320 is 2.5' E.

4
N7270/71/75 Peg Trio
0.9'x0.5'
14.9P
22 23.6
32 24 00
17.5" - fairly faint, small, oval E-W, small bright core, stellar nucleus. Collinear with a mag 11.5 star 1.0' WNW and mag 12.5 star 2.4' WNW. In a group with N7271 3.0' SE and N7275 6.8' ENE.

3
N7457 Peg GX
4.3'x2.3'
12.1B
23 00 59
30 08 41
17.5" - bright, fairly large, elongated 2:1 NW-SE, very bright core, very small bright nucleus. Forms a pair with UGC 12311 8' NE.

4
Arp 278 Peg GX
1.7'x0.7'
14.4
22 19 26
29 23 53
NGC 7253A/B 17.5" - very faint, small, elongated WNW-ESE. Forms a double system with N7253B attached at the east end (the pair is Arp 278) with a separation of 55" between center.

3
N7463/64/65 Peg Trio
2.2'x1.8'
12.6V
23 02 01
15 57 53
18" - moderately bright, moderately large, elongated 5:2 E-W, 1.0'x0.4', weak concentration. Larger but lower surface brightness than N7465 2.6' SE. A close companion, N7464, is just 0.7' SE.

2
Arp 13 Peg GX
2.5'x1.2'
11.6V
23 00 03
15 58 50
NGC 7448 17.5" - bright, large, elongated 2:1 NNW-SSE, small bright core, fainter extensions. Brightest in the N7448 group.

4
Pal 13 Peg GC
0.7'
13.8
23 06 34
12 46 19
20" - Pal 13 was pretty difficult to see without using a lot of averted vision under less than perfect skies. Requires high power. A 7mm is Ok but a 4.8 showed it better. (Barbara Wilson)

2
NGC 7479 Peg GX
4.3'x3.1'
11.6B
23 04 56
12 19 60
17.5" - faint, small, round, gradually brighter middle, small bright core. In the UGC 12298 group with NGC 7445 3.7' SW, NGC 7446 4.5' S and UGC 12298 9' NE.

3
Arp 298 Peg GX
1.4'x1.0'
13.0B
23 03 15
08 52 27
NGC 7469 17.5" - sharp, bright stellar nucleus surrounded by a small faint halo. A faint star is just E. Forms a close pair (Arp 298) with IC 5283 1.3' NNE. Located at the western vertex of a triangle with mag 8.5 SAO 127930 5.4' SE and mag 8.4 SAO 27929.

4
N7499/7501/03 Psc Trio
1.1'x0.6'
13.9B
23 10.4
07 36 00
17.5" - faint, small, round, weak concentration. First of three with N7501 2.1' ENE and N7503 5.0' ESE. This trio is the brightest in the Pegasus II cluster. Two very faint members, MCG +01-59-002 and -003 are located 5' W and ~8' SW, respectively.

4
Shk-361 Psc GX10
2.8'
23 03 21
00 33 00
AGC 2524 - 22” – A total of five galaxies were detected. Two southernmost galaxies appears almost merged, separated by less than 10”. Southern one is very faint, very small round patch. The northern one of the pair is very faint 2:1 elongated glow. Moving about 1.0’ to the NW is a very faint round glow. Moving 45” to the WNW an extremely faint round glow. The northern most galaxy lying 1.7’ north of the fist pair appears as a very faint round glow. (Alvin Huey)

2
Zeta Aqr Dbl
1.8
4.3/4.5
22 28 48
-00 01 00
SAO 146107 Zeta2 Aquarii and zeta1 Aquarii form a binary of two equal white stars with an orbit of 760 years.

4
Shk-81 Aqr GX11
1.3'
17.8
21 57 58
-01 44

4
Shk-331 Aqr GX7
1.1'
22 25 27
-02 47

3
Arp 3 Aqr GX
2.4'x1.9'
13.4B
22 36 35
-02 54 25
MCG 1-57-15 22" - Faint, round and very low surface brightness. Suspected stellar nucleus. Southern part is slightly brighter. Size is about 2' across. (Alvin Huey)

3
Arp 314 Aqr GX
1.0'x0.7'
13.7B
22 58 02
-03 46 11
MCG 1-58-9/10/11 trio. 18" - Nice group of three galaxies. Brightest is elongated N/S, just SE is another dimmer and round galaxy, third is averted only and mostly S of the second galaxy. No detail.

3
Arp 15 Aqr GX
2.0'x0.8'
13.4
22 51 38
-05 33 27
NGC 7393 17.5" - fairly faint, fairly small, elongated 3:2 E-W, broad concentration.

4
Arp 110 Aqr GX
1.0'x0.6'
15.9
22 54 09
-15 14 09
MCG -3-58-11

1
53 Aqr Dbl
3.1
6.46.6
22 26 36
-16 45 00
SAO 165078 To obtain a clear split I used 120x on this very pretty pair. The colours of yellow/orange for the primary, and a blue secondary make an attractive sight.

3
N7392 Aqr GX
2.1'x1.2'
12.6B
22 51 48
-20 36 25
17.5" -: moderately bright, fairly small, elongated 5:3 WNW-ESE, 1.4'x0.8', moderately brighter core. Several stars are near including a mag 10.5 star 4.5' N. A pair of mag 13/14 stars 1.6' N and 2.2' N are collinear with N7392 and finally a mag

1
41 Aqr Dbl
5
5.6/7.1
22 14 18
-21 04 00
SAO 190986 Set in an attractive field of bright stars this beautiful uneven double of a yellow primary and blue secondary is clearly resolved with 120x.

3
N7377 Aqr GX
2.9'x2.4'
12.1B
22 47 47
-22 18 42
17.5" -: fairly bright, fairly small, slightly elongated ~E-W, 1' diameter, gradually increases to a small bright core. A group of stars lies S and mag 8.5 SAO 191412 is 11' N.

3
Arp 93 Aqr GX
2.3'x1.3'
12.8P
22 28 38
-24 50 27
NGC 7284 17.5" -: fairly faint, very small, very compact, almost round, high surface brightness, very small very bright core, stellar nucleus. Forms a contact pair with N7285 at the ENE edge with a separation of 30" between centers.

2
Arp 14 PsA GX
5.0'x2.1'
11.6B
22 35 46
-26 02 58
NGC 7314 17.5" - fairly bright, fairly large, elongated 3:1 N-S, 2.7'x0.9', broad concentration. A mag 15 star is just off the E side. A brighter mag 12 star lies 2.0' W of center. Forms a pair with N7313 4.4' SW.

2
N7507 Scl GX
2.7'x2.6'
11.4B
23 12 07
-28 32 21
17.5" - bright, fairly small, round, unusually bright compact core, stellar nucleus. Located 6' NW of a mag 10 star. N7513 lies 18' NE.

Source catalogs:

Messier, Arp, Abell Planetary, Abell Galaxy Cluster (AGC), Hickson Compact Galaxy (HCG), Sharpless HII Regions, Barnard Dark Nebulae, Herschel 400, Herschel 400-II, Shahkbazian Galaxy Groups.

Herschel 400 are identified as NGCXXXX, Herschel 400-II are indentified as NXXXX.


All descriptions are from Steve Gottlieb's NGC Notes unless otherwise attributed.

visitors since August 31, 2007